Polish Free State

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Poland 1768


Flag of the P.F.S.

Foundation: 1710-date (T219)
Capital: Warsaw in Poland
Religion: Hussite Christian
National Newsfaxes

By Rob Pierce & James Gemmill, updated by Martin Helsdon

Description

Longtime Hussite efforts to extract Poland from Swedish hegemony finally bore fruit in the midst of the Holy Cross War (1699-1721). Stanislas Leczinski led a sucessful rebellion in 1710 againt Swedish rule establishing an independent Polish state for the first time in centuries(?). Also referred to as the Grand Duchy of Poland.

The History:

Independence: Polish independence seems to have resulted solely from the efforts of the Leczinski-led independence movement, an umbrella organization representing various communal groups from Hussite Polish society, and Count Alexander Palador, an adventurer formerly of Wallachia. Previous efforts at national liberation by another group, the Polish Liberation Front, had failed to spark much support, and there is no evidence linking the two groups.

Holy Cross War: Located directly between the two main combatants of the bloody Holy Cross War, the new nation immediately found itself pressured, from each side, into actively joining the conflict. Dismissing neutrality as an unviable option, Stanislas Leczinski aligned Poland with co-religionist Denmark and immediately began operations on the eastern border against the Swedish Empire of Russia. While active on this eastern Front, the former guerrillas that formed the nucleus of the Free State Army played a relatively minor role in the war as a whole, achieving limited notoriety at the Siege of Sopot (1710 A.D.), Battle of Elge (1711 A.D.) and the Defence of Warsaw (1716 A.D.)

Although the conclusion of the war failed to produce a denouement to the centuries old Danish-Swedish conflict, and though it's land was ravaged by war and it's army in tatters, Poland itself achieved the most important of it's war aims: an explicit recognition of independence and right to exist by Swedish-Russia, and a promise not to interfere in internal Polish affairs by any Catholic power. With these agreements in hand, Stanislas Leczinski immediately set about to repair the rift between the Hussite and Catholic segments of Polish society by peaceful means, a policy he dubbed National Reconciliation, and which for many years was in the charge of the notable and able Interior Minister, Piotr Dottski.

The Ice War (Ice War): Determined to avoid engaging his nation in another costly war it could ill-afford, Stanislas Leczinski was nonetheless slow to appreciate the fundamentally dire nature the threat the Ice Lords represented. Crash programs to re-mobilize the Free State Army were hampered by constant budgetary, but especially manpower, constraints, to the point that the Baklovakian People's Army was bankrolled by Stanisla's successor, Augustus, to participate in the campaign against the Khirghiz. The spectre of famine also haunted the countryside during this period, and the Polish economy shrank, but neither the Ice, nor it's other dread servants, touched Poland directly, and with it's defeat the country stood poised to begin a new, more prosperous chapter in its existence.

The Reign of Frieda Leczinski: Although the economic programs and diplomatic policies that were designed to lead Poland out of poverty were begun by her father, Augustus, it was Frieda Leczinski who above all enthusiastically embraced and enacted them, determined her nation be well-prepared for the coming Age of Industrialization. Monies flowed into the countryside to build public works, factories were built in Warsaw and Berlin, and the world's first railway commissioned. The great National Reconciliation project also was the subject of Frieda Leczinski's attention and, under her auspices, nearly completed.

On the world stage, led by the Duchess's consort, Wilhelm of Lausatia, Poland began to conduct itself with new assertiveness, and was a charter member of the Hussite League alliance. But Wilhelm often engaged in policies that left Poland open to charges of adventurism, and there were occasions of high tension, most notably in the 1740's with Spain, and Kiev.

But it was the militarist coup of 1758, in the Swedish Empire of Russia that heralded a setback to Activist Polish foreign policy. Wilhelm, this time with the full knowledge and support of the Duchess, attempted to build a coalition for a military intervention, in an effort to restore the Swedish Emperor Soloman and Kalmar Senate. Both Emperor and Senate, however, preferred a diplomatic solution, leaving Poland exposed to the wrath of the Kjellist regime in Riga.

Here ends my account of Polish history --James Gemmill 14:01, 30 Oct 2004 (US Mountain Standard Time)


The Grand Dukes

  • Ivan Dovietski: 1759-date
  • Frieda Leczinski: 1742-1759 (exiled)
  • Augustus Leczinski: 1739-1742
  • Stanislas Leczinski: 1710-????

The Players

  • T215-date (1759- ) Thomas Sleeper
  • T192-T214 (1711-1758) James Gemmill
  • T191 (1710) (open)

National Website

Polish Free State

Last updated: 27 February 2005

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