Kongo, Sultanate of

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Foundation: 1682-1703 (T177-T188)Dead.gif
Capital: Boma
Religion: Sunni Islam

By Rob Pierce

Description

Kongo represented one of two small bastions of the Islamic faith on the African continent (the other includes Togo, Akan, and Gagnoa, now part of the Mali Empire), a faith that was brought to the area centuries ago by the the old Empire of Ife. Despite mass conversions to Catholicism of their bretheren to the north by Mixtec invaders, the Republic of South Africa permitted the faith to persist in the area, even while it was brought under Catholic rule. In the civil war that ripped RSA apart in 1674 (T173), Mulsims remained in Imperial Afriqa until emperor Ikogen sent Catholic inquisitors to Kongo in violation of agreements made between the Republic and the local rulers. The emir of Teke, Asir al-Haqqin, infuriated at the violations, declared himself sultan, and led the Muslim regions in revolt against the Empire, thus establishing Muslim rule on the continent for the first time in more than ???? years.

Frictions with the rump Empire of Afriqa were constant, and numerous campaigns were waged between the two nations. A crushingly effective campaign in 1700 (T186) brought Kongolese armies nearly to the Afriqan capital. But, not pressing the advantage opened the way for an equally crushing counterattack by the Afriqans in 1703 (T188) that ended in the death of the sultan, the capture of the Kongolese capital, and ultimately the collapse of the sultanate.

The History:

Al-Haqqin's rule covered Vili & the city of Onogui, Teke, and Kongo & the city of Boma, and remained separated from the jilted Empire by Republican controlled Mbundu. Thus, the sultan set about establishing trade with his neighbors. Diplomats sent north to Douala (1682, T177) convinced the Catholics there to join the realm (t, then ea) (they had previously been abandoned by the MaliAx). Through Douala trade was established with the MaliAx. Next, a merchant marine was commissioned (1683, T178) that nearly bankrupt the state.

The following year, though, Imperial troops stormed into Mbundu and Iesuwayo capturing both the undefended region and city from the rebel scum ... I ... I mean, the Republic. The Empire had struck back ... and was now on Asir's doorstep.

Rather than wait for the Empire to come to him, Asir had General Hotuk and Prince Nured gather the troops and they attacked south (1685, T179) by sea and by land, (capturing a passel of Catholic missionaries along the way that had been destined for Boma. Matadi, impressed by Amir's boldness, went (t)). Iesuwayo was captured easily as the Imperials had marched south to meet their new commander sent up from Zimbabwe. The Imperials returned in short order, new commander in the lead, but Hotuk's troops were ready and trashed the Imperial army anyway. Thus emboldened, the Kongolese raided south into Etosha, Lunda, and Lozi (sacking the city of Sarun) before returning to Iesuwayo.

Early in 1687 (T180), after avoiding a spate of Imperial assaination attempts and garnering far fewer mercs than hoped for, Hotuk and Nured decided to press what advantage he had and struck south again. In the scorched plains of Lozi, scouts reported on the advance of an Imperial army of substantial size just a few miles south. Hotuk retreated back up the road to Etosha to pick a battle site of his own choosing. The Imperials eventually caught up with the Kongolese, but despite being ably led by the mercenary Captain Sheridan, they could not break through the Kongolese line. The Imperials retreated to Lozi and Asir did not pursue.

Desperation gripped Asir in Kongo. Frustration and determination gripped Keshu in Zimbabwe. Both scoured their realms for levies for what was sure to be an uncompromising clash the next time their armies would meet. As a precaution, Asir quietly began moving his government north to Onogui. The largest Imperial army yet fielded against the Kongolese arrived at the mountainous border with Mbundu in 1689 (T181). Rather than try the heavily fortified road to Iesuwayo, Imperial Lord Vader moved to try another pass. The Kongolese countered and repelled the Imperials with heavy losses on both sides. Nuren, after assesing the casualties, decided that his troops would not survive another assault like the last and evacuated them all from Mbundu, Iesuwayo, and Matadi to the relative safety of the far side of the great Kongo river. Dazed though Vader's army was, they recovered enough to pursue the Kongolese (garrisoning Mbundu, Iesuwayo, and Matadi along the way). Undeterred by the river or the defenders on the other side, the Imperials crossed over and captured Boma after a three month seige. Hotuk and Nuren fled by sea to Onogui.

In 1700 (T186), Sultan Nured succeeded in crushing every army the Afriqans fielded in a glorious march south toward the Afriqan capital of Zimbabwe. Though he had crushingly defeated the Afriqans in the field, he stalled his advance in Lozi. Those two years bought the Afriqans time to rebuild their army and establish new leadership. With the help of mercenary Captain John Sheridan, the Afriqans counterattacked in 1703 (T188), destroying Nured's armies and capturing his capital. With Nured's death by assasination, and Boma in enemy hands the country collapsed once again into regional principalities.

The Sultans

  • Nured al-Haqqin 1695-1703 T184-T188
  • Asir al-Haqqin 1682-1695 T177-T184

The Players

  • T186-T187 (1699-1702) Carl Walter
  • T184-T185 (1695-1698) (unknown)
  • T181-T183 (1689-1694) (open)
  • T178-T180 (1683-1688) John McNiece
  • T177 (1682) (open)

Last updated: 9 February 1998 (T192 - 1712)

© 1998 Robert Pierce

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