Holy Islamic Republic

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Foundation: 1447-1494 (T91-T102)Dead.gif
Capital: Bukhara (from 1482), ??? (to 1482)
Religion: Islam

By Rob Pierce


A republic (?!) in central Asia. The HIR and the Khanate of Turkestan appear to have formed in the aftermath of the collapse of the Khwarzim Shahdom sometime between 1420 (T84?, see 1410 and 1420 maps) and 1446 (T90) (the fax for T91 includes the HIR and Turkestan, but not the Khwarzim). The HIR absorbed portions of Turkestan after it collapsed in the late 1440's (T91).

The History:

Still to be written.

NewsFax Entries:

1447-1450 (T91)

Turkestan: The Turks, having stagnated for the moment, found their people far too restless to contain and the Khanate was ripped apart by popular revolt and insurrection... Palavoi, Oriot, Ryatka, Osman, Turgay, Scythia, Kyzl-Kum, Kuldja, Khokhand, Dzungaria, and Avar reupted into revolt. The revolt of the Khokhandi was instantly put down by the Khanate armies there but the other revolts succeded.

HIR: Diplomacy: Nishapur(f), Persia(f), Khazakh(a)
Trade Partners: (12.5C) India, Ottomans

Merv and Bukhara each grew a level. By impressing the population of Turkmen (reducing it to a 1/4/ region) a road was built from Khiva to Bukhara. A Majlis leader was seized by agents of the Assassins when he approached the Emir of Tabaristan with an offer of alliance. The remains of the Turkic Khanate agreed to alliance with the Majlis, delivering their sizable army and treasury into the greedy hands of the Majlis - an opportune event, as events on the western frontier called for the commitment of large armies... The remaining Turkic areas north of Khokhand did, finally, revolt when the southern portions allied themselves with the HIR. Kucha, cut off from the HIR for, lo, these many years also revolted.

Novgorod: On the eastern frontier, the Russ armies crossed the Volga at two points and seized the regions of Volga Bulgar and Saksiny. The city of Bolgar was taken by assault by the Russ. The Khazakhi allies of the Majlis attempted to dislodge the Russ from Saksiny, and were soundly trounced by the Russ cossaki. Both Saksiny and Volga Bulgar were then converted to Roman Catholicism.

1451-1454 (T92)

HIR: Diplomacy: Uzbek(t), Ferghana(t), Kuldja(a)
Trade Partners: (12.5C) India, Ottomans, Novgorod, Sweden

The HIR moved in mysterious ways as the Khazakh tribes relocated to Urst-Urt, where they occupied a new city raised for them by the Republic. The Urst-Urt were not pleased with this, however, and the new city was soon endangered by by the Ursti. To the north, in the meantime, a small Republican army destroyed the city of Sibir and attempted to make their way south to return to the domains of the HIR - but were set upon by the Kama Bulgars (who were not pleased that their city had been sacked and burned) and wiped out. With the loot recovered, the Kamans rebuilt their city and repudiated all allegiance to the Republic. Meanwhile, in the high plains of Urst-Urt, the Republican army had arrived at Khazakha in time to see the city afire and the people butchered by the combined armies of the Urst and the Chorasmians. The Republicans attacked and in the ensuing battles, managed to best the nomads, driving them from the plateau. It was too late for the unfortunates in the city, however.

The bad luck dogging the HIR relations with nomadic tribes stayed true when a Republican legate attempted to enlist the Iranian tribes to the HIR cause. The Emir of Khurasan, insulted by the legate, rallied his tribesmen to his cause and was joined by his cousins, the Shah of Iran, and the Bey of Al Zagros. Mustering an army of almost 50,000 men the three chieftans attacked the Republican camp at the Oasis of Nine Palms and wiped the HIR army out.

In slightly brighter news, the Assassins took pity upon the Republic and condecended to release their captive (at a hefty ransom, of course).

Finally, on the eastern frontier, a collection of allied armies campaigned against the Shahdom of Khotan (a minor nomad state including Kashgar) and, after a number of sizable battles, defeated the Khotani and exacted tribute from them.

Russia: Peace was made with the HIR. All was quiet and peaceful.

1455-1458 (T93)

HIR: Diplomacy: Sogidania(a)
Trade Partners: (12.5C) India, Ottomans, Novgorod, Sweden

The Majlis expended great efforts on rooting out foreign spies, but found none - to their great regret. On the Iranian plateau, the Majlis concentrated its forces against the alliance of the Iranian emirs and demanded fealty of them. The Iranians, a proud folk (particularly after pulverizing the HIR army last turn), refused and demanded that the HIR forces leave. Battle ensued and, thanks to a little hatchet work by the Assassins, the Iranians were soundly thrashed. As a result the Majlis extended its authority over the Khurasan, the Al Zagros and the Iranians.

1459-1462 (T94)

HIR: Diplomacy: Khurasan(a), Iran(a)
Trade Partners: (13.5C) India, Ottomans, Novgorod, Sweden, Syria, Ethiopia

An HIR attempt to build an Imperial Highway from Bukhara to Dzhambul was derailed when no workers or slaves could be found to work on it. The armies of the Republic, however, had their act together and - flushed with success - invaded Media (which they crushed like a rotten sul-fruit) and then came down out of the highlands and hills of Iran to defeat the armies of the Emirate of Abadan at the battle of Cstesiphon and finally bring the Khwarzim Turk to the great ocean... Basra is besieged but defiant.

The Republicans also noticed some violent activity on their western border.

Syria: Ibn-Haram also watched in disgust and thinly disguised anger as the HIR invaded and occupied Abadan.

1463-1466 (T95)

HIR: Diplomacy: Gurgan(f)
Trade Partners: (14.5C) India, Ottomans, Novgorod, Sweden, Syria, Ethiopia, Gulfcities [1.5C]

The Majlis managed to gather the workers and slaves necessary to build a great highway connecting the cities of Bukhara and Dzhambul. Unfortunately for the plans of the Majlis the Syrians had hired all the mercenary warships to further their plans in the Mediterranean, and thus the free city of Basra remained so. In other events that did not please the Majlis, the Shah of Khurasan refused to relinquish control of his army to the Majlis imam. The Urst-Urt peoples were granted tributary status.

1467-1470 (T96)

India: The fighting on the north-west frontier continued with the successful prosecution of a war of conquest and conversion against the Ghazni hill-tribes.

HIR: Diplomacy: Kyzl-Kum(a)
Trade Partners: (16C) India, Ottomans, Novgorod, Sweden

Under the ever-vigilant guidance of the Majlis the Bukhara interchange was completed, with a highway linking Merv and Bukhara. The death of Judai did not detract from his last, great, triumph - the alliance of the Kyzl tribes to the Republic. In the south, however, the honeyed words of the Imam were rejected by the Siestani and - as a result - the Khurasani invaded the high hills in 1468 and smashed the ill-led and badly equipped tribes. This expansion placed the HIR directly athwart the Indian line of conquest of late, however, and tensions rose all around. In response to the general gobbling up of highland Persian provinces of late, the emirs of Kirman and Makran made an alliance of defense and hired many Pashtun mercenaries - expecting someone to invade them soon. Elsewhere, the siege of Basra continued without change, and certain frontier provinces - no longer watched by the careful eye of Judai - began to slip away. The southern army, meanwhile, had tired of the siege and decided to conquer Fars as to extend the beachfront territory available to them. The Farsi did not like this, but could say little about it. Abas joined Basra on the "sieged cities" list.

Syria: Several Syrian ambassadors were not well received in the courts of the Emirs of Araby. On the other hand, the transferral of a great deal of gold and the weakening of the central HIR bureaucracy with the passage of the Imam Judai, caused the Bey Halif, commander of the HIR army at Abadan to lift the seige and take service under the Syrian flag. He immediately left for an extended vacation in Egypt. With the seige lifted, the Abadanis were reunited with their bretheren in Basra and everyone welcomed the Syrians as good-buddy-friends. This caused the various HIR armies in Fars to be suddenly cut off, however, and they found themselves in a state of revolt. The Shahs of Khokhand and Kuldja revolted instantly and put the other, loyal, commanders to death. They then marched north, through Abadan - where the Syrians waved and supplied them with provisions and women - and then north through Media, Persia and Nishapur top come down onto the plains around Bukhara where they encamped at the end of 1469. Kuldja and Khokhand revolted as soon as word reached them of the various events.

1471-1474 (T97)

India: Khanadar was forcibly converted to Hinduism.

HIR: Diplomacy: Khokhand/Kuldja(f), Istakhr(f), Avars mortally insulted by visiting HIR leader
Trade Partners: (19C) India, Ottomans, Novgorod, Sweden, Syria

The Majlis, in a stunning example of wishful thinking, ordered the construction of a section of Imperial highway running from Dzhambul to Tashkent (which was a rebel province). Though a diplomatic resolution was achieved with the rebellious Khokhandi, the Avars proved to be another matter. With their Scythian cousins joining in for the hell of it, some 15,000 Avars raided down through Kara-Khitai and into Turkmen before the Republican army showed up to do battle with them (ably assisted by the Kyzl-Kumi nomads). The battle ended with the defeat of the Republicans, the death of the Khan of the Kyzl-Kum and the retreat of the HIR army into Bukhara. The Avars continued to raid throughout the Republic, laying waste to Kophat-Dagh, Gurgan (destroying the HIR garrison there), and Khwarzim before returning home, laden with loot. On their way home, however, they were once more engaged by the Republican army. Once more, they smashed the HIR troops, and then rode back into the northern steppe. The Kyzl-Kumi abandoned the Republic and Al-Mohamed was deposed as head of the Majlis.

1475-1478 (T98)

HIR: Diplomacy: Fars(f), Uzbek(a), Avars (see below), Yezd (see below), Shiraz (see below), Kirman-Makran (see below)
Trade Partners: (18C) India, Ottomans, Novgorod, Sweden, Syria, Ethiopia

After the expenditure of much gold, the Avars were convinced not to ravage and despoil the lands of the HIR. Various HIR emissaries were ejected from the lands of the Yezd and the Shiraz. Similarly, an ambassador to the allied Emirates of Kirman-Makran was escorted to the frontier. Ufra, in Karakum, was expanded by refugees from the rest of the realm to a [5].

1479-1482 (T99)

Mongol Empire: Under the vigorous leadership of Ignagei, the Mongol armies were once more on the move after a long perios of 'turning inward' on the part of the Empire. The Mongol fleet once more made itself felt in the China Seas, prowling off the coast of South China and Taiwan. On the western frontier, meantime, a great host of some 230,000 men was gathering in the yurts of the Khalaka tribes - preparing to move west as once their ancestors had, lo those 250 years before in the dark days of the First Mongol War. The advance began in late Spring of 1479 with the advance of the Celestial Host (under the command of High Celestial General Kai-tang) into the lands of the Turfan. 80,000 Turfani and Tuhnwhangi rode against the Host and were given a sound drubbing by the Mongols. Kai-tang and his men, given heart by this victory, pressed on down the Silk Route and into the lands of the Suachu khans. Those tribes also gave battle, raising 98,000 nomads to face the armored might of China. They too were thrashed and the Host continued on its way. The Kucha/Charchan were the next to block the way west and they also gave battle and afforded the same treatment - though the 29,000 Kucha were annihilated in even less time than either of the previous foes. The Celesxtial Host ended its march with the seizure of the region of Khotan from the HIR - a move that caused extreme and violent outbreaks of paranoia on the part of the Majlis.

The Ever-Victorious Celestial Host is now one turn from Khwarzim, and two turns from Baghdad, Moscow or Istanbul.

HIR: Diplomacy: Avars (see below), Kirman-Makran (f), Media(f), Uzbek(f), Shiraz(t), Yezd(t)
Trade Partners: (20C) India, Ottomans, Novgorod, Sweden, Syria, Ethiopia, Maori

The Avars proved to be very resistant to offers of alliance. On the other hand the massing of Indian armies in the immediate vicinity convinced the allied Emirates of Kirman and Makran to become (f). Alma-ata in Kuldja was integrated into the Majlis highway system. Despite a little confusion over what city was to be expanded, Dzhambul in Kara-Khitai was duly expanded. The capital and the halls of the Majlis were moved to Bukhara which, since the highway system had been built, had become the economic center of the Republic.

1483-1486 (T100)

Mongol Empire: The Celestial Host (with many of its younger officers grumbling and making mutinous sounds) withdrew from Khotan, apologizing to the representatives of the Majlis. Operations then commenced against the Charchan and the Tarim, with the Celestial Host meeting the combing armies of those tribes at Black Rock Oasis and shattering them. With this victory, the remainder of the Tarim Basin came under the control of Ignagei. The Celestial Host finished out the year with the conquest of Beshbalik.

HIR: Diplomacy: Yezd(f), Shiraz(f), Siestan(f), Khotan(f)
Trade Partners: (22C) India, Ottomans, Novgorod, Sweden, Syria, Ethiopia, Maori, Mongol

The HIRs city expansion project continued with the expansion of Tashkent to a [5].

1487-1490 (T101)

HIR: Diplomacy: No effect
Trade Partners: (24+0C) India, Ottomans, Novgorod, Sweden, Syria, Ethiopia, Maori, Mongol

El-Shukar died at the respectable age of 64 and was replaced by his annointed successor, Kashogurai, who oversaw the expansion of Alma-Ata (the ancient Khwarzimian capital) to a [5].

1491-1494 (T102)

HIR: Diplomacy: No effect
Trade Partners: (28+0C) India, Novgorod, Sweden, Ethiopia, Maori, Mongol, Denmark

In prepearation for a major exercise of military might, the Majlis ordered that a census be taken, that the highway system be extended south from Merv into Nishapur, and that the people be prepared for war! All this was done, and the census reported that there were over five million inhabitants within the Republic. After some preparation, the armies of the Republic crossed over the Iraqi hills into the valley of the Tigris and Euphrates, heading for the Mediterranean and destiny!

Ottomans: The Ottomans, intending to keep what they had gained, dispatched another army into the Fertile Crescent from Psidia and prepared for Syrian trickery!

In the south, one Ottoman army pressed down the western coast of Araby, heading for Mecca, while the army in Basra ground south into Bahrain to crush the last center of Syrian resistance.

But those tricky Syrian devils were not yet defeated! No indeed. While Ottoman armies marched hither and yon, the Syrian leader in Baghdad (secretly supplied with money) made a quiet visit to the Emir of Georgia and, after much money had passed hands, convinced him that he should go home. Thus, in early 1491, the Georgians pulled up their tentstakes and marched away, leaving Baghdad once more free. Further, Mosul - which had been garrisoned by Georgians - was also liberated! The Ottoman army at Basra, hearing of this foul defection, turned around and marched north into Mesopotamia - where that same tricky Syrian leader met them and offered vast sums of gold and women and glory and like that. It didn't work. But, before the regions could be retaken, the HIR armies swept down upon the hapless Ottomans. 56,500 HIR infantry marched on Baghdad - while 120,000 HIR cavalry rode through Abadan and then swung north in search of the Ottoman host. The Ottoman general, meantime, found himself trapped between two hostile armies and made a break north along the highway. The HIR infantry failed to cut him off and the Ottomans escaped the trap, falling back to Palmyra. The armies of the Majlis mopped up Abadan and Mesopotamia and - after the Syrain commander refused them admission to Baghdad - besieged that city. Baghdad, defended by 14,000 Syrians, held out for a year before the 57,000 HIR troops reduced the walls to rubble and stormed through the streets in a frenzy of looting and rapine.

The HIR cavalry army had pressed on in pursuit of the retreating Ottomans and, following the highway, reached the road nexus in Palmyra just as the Ottoman armies regrouped and moved south down the road. The Levantine army and a new army of Jannisaries led by Suleiman the Fourth had reinforced the Basran army. The two hosts clashed at Sarn-el-geddi on the Circian frontier. 120,000 HIR cavalry and 92,000 Ottoman troops battled for a day and night before the superior Ottoman leadership pulled a victory out of the broil of charge and counter-charge. But it was not without cost, for the Ottomans had lost 45,000 men, and one general was dead and another sorely wounded. For their part, the HIR had lost the Emir of Iran, 80,000 dead or wounded, and the Bey of Khurasan captured by the Ottomans and in gaol. The HIR armies retired to Circis to lick their wounds and regroup. There they were soon reinforced by the infantry army that had been besieging Baghdad, but they had run out of time...

Mosul, abandoned by the Georgians and retaken by no one, reverted to Syrian control. The Indian Persian Gulf Expeditionary Force (IPGEF) remained in Bahrain and watched the events to the north with amusement.

The Kings

  • Adnan Khashogurai 1487-1494
  • Shukar el-Kufrei 1474-1487
  • Mahair al-Mohamed 1467-1474
  • Judai ibn-Seranan 1451-1467
  • Hafez Assin 1447-1450

The Players

  • T93-T102 (1455-1494) David Adams
  • T91-T92 (1447-1454) (unknown; no ISI list)

Last updated: 28 May 2003

© 2003 Robert Pierce

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