Grand Canal

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The Grand Canal of China, also known as the Jing-Hang Grand Canal is the largest ancient canal or artificial river in the world.

In 605, Emperor Yang Guang of Sui Dynasty gave an order to excavate the Grand Canal linking Beijing and Hangzhou. It took over six years to build the Grand Canal linking all the canals along it and connecting Haihe, Huang He (Yellow River), Huaihe, Yangtze and Qiantangjiang rivers. The Grand Canal starts north in Beijing and ends south in Hangzhou of Zhejiang with a total length of 1,794 kilometers, passes Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shandong, Jiangsu and Zhejiang.

The most ancient part of the canal is the section between the Yangtze and the Huai He. This part is thought, on the strength of a passage in one of the books of Confucius, to have been built c. 486 BC. It was repaired and enlarged in the 3rd century AD. The southern part, between the Yangtze and Hangzhou, was built early in the 7th century AD

In 1744 an asteroid came down seventy miles from the mouth of the Yangtze causing massive damage and blocking part of the Grand Canal.

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