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Daoism (or Taoism) is defined by a set of philosophical teachings and religious practices rooted in a specific understanding of the Tao, developed primarily in the works of Laozi and Zhuangzi.

Daoism emphasizes freedom, nature, cosmology, self-cultivation, retirement from social life and even the search for immortality. There are two different types of Daoism:

  • One that is mostly philosophical, metaphysical and aesthetical.
  • One that is focused on religious practices, encompassing exorcism, alchemy and a wide set of popular beliefs.

Daoism has had a deep and long-lasting presence in many domains of Chinese culture and has spread widely throughout Asia.

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